Camberwell House Asylum

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By | From the Collections

One of the fastest-growing categories of Wellcome Library users in the past ten years has been family historians. Many people, of course, have medical practitioners among their ancestors: doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, opticians, vets… But the Library’s holdings for family historians go further than this: they also provide sources for those of us (which realistically, in the United Kingdom, will be everyone) whose ancestors have passed through the medical system as patients.

In recent years the family history community has become aware that the Wellcome Library’s holdings are not confined to high-level abstract thought on medical history, but contain a huge amount of nitty-gritty information on named individuals. (The Library’s sources for family historians are summarised in a downloadable sources guide here, and described in a talk on “Hunt the Ancestor” which is repeated regularly). The difficulty, of course, is to identify the relevant records from the library’s catalogues. Census records, for example, may identify that an ancestor was a patient in a particular institution, but it may then be a matter of working through the records of that institution in search of a particular name.

To assist in this process, the Library’s archive department has recently enhanced the catalogue records relating to its casebooks from Camberwell House Asylum. Among family historians working with London records, this institution is something of a cause célèbre: it was set up in the mid-nineteenth century and accepted patients – many of them “paupers” referred by the relevant Poor Law authorities – for over one hundred years, but only three of its casebooks are known to survive. One is held at the Royal College of Psychiatrists and the other two at the Wellcome Library, as MSS.6220-6221. Those held here describe patients admitted between 1847 and 1853, but continue to document those patients throughout their time in the asylum, some still being there as late as 1887. As a result, for a family historian who knows that an ancestor was in that asylum in, for example, 1870, there is a chance that the ancestor may be documented in our casebooks; but it is a slim chance, and there is a strong likelihood that he or she might make a journey to London, or hire a research assistant, only to find no mention of the name needed (constraints on staff time, unfortunately, mean that the archivists here have not been able to carry out searches for researchers).

The enhancements to the catalogue mean that this no longer applies. Over a period of some weeks, in little pieces of time here and there, one of our Library Services Assistants has compiled an index of patients’ names in our two Camberwell House volumes, and these have been added to the catalogue records to make them available through the normal search interface. The results can be seen here and here. A researcher looking for any of the unfortunate patients listed there – for Mary Ann Binstead, Alfred Hobday, Christopher West… – can now simply enter the name in the “Any Text” box on the archive catalogue search page (making sure to click the And option in the “Word Options” below, as this finds the names in whatever order they are given – both “Christopher West” and “West, Christopher”) and find out immediately whether their ancestor is one of the lucky few whose details survive.

Many of the patients, as noted above, were extremely poor; many were admitted with severe depression or other causes of unhappiness. At this distance in time we can do nothing to help them; but this work on the catalogue makes it a little likelier that at the very least they can be remembered.

Images: both of MS.6220, which documents patients admitted 1847-1850.

Chris Hilton

Chris Hilton

Dr Christopher Hilton was until August 2017 a Senior Archivist at the Wellcome Library.

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9 comments on Camberwell House Asylum
  • Judy Webster


    Fascinating! As a family historian and professional genealogist, I have a special interest in asylum records. I have indexed thousands of names from Queensland's asylum records. It is quite likely that some of those patients (or their forebears) were also in Camberwell House, so I must make time to compare your indexes to mine.

  • Dennis Hepworth


    I have recently been doing Family History for my Old Friend Peter Blackler. In my research his Grandfather Henry John Blackler who was a Surgeon, Medical Officer and GP. was recorded in his 1925 Probate Papers to have died in Camberwell House during the March Quarter of 1925. Peter was very intrested to see this and wondered if his Grandfather was recorded as being on the Staff or as a Patient of Camberwell House at that time?


    Dennis Hepworth

    • Chris Hilton


      Dear Dennis,
      I’m afraid that records of Camberwell House asylum are very few and far between: only a very few scraps survive, and I’m not aware of any patient records later than the ones described above (patients admitted no later than the 1850s) or of any staff records at all.
      However, looking at the Medical Directory for that time, Henry John Blackler isn’t listed as working at Camberwell House asylum, so I would guess him to be a patient. It would, of course, be possible to trace his career by working through the annual volumes of the Medical Directory here at the Wellcome Library, and you’d be very welcome to do that. In the fullness of time, those too will be digitised, but for the moment visiting in person is the only way to consult those in our holdings.

  • Lyn Wright


    I am researching a relative Clara Minter, who was at Licenced Vitulars Assylum Camberwell,Surrey. on 25th Dec 1904
    How do I find out why she was there and what reason one would be there?
    Many thanks

    • Chris Hilton


      Dear Lyn,
      The Licensed Victuallers’ Asylum is actually a different institution, and served a different clientele: it was not a mental hospital, but almshouses (“asylum” in the broader sense, meaning “shelter”, as in “political asylum”). Its records are held at London Metropolitan Archives (details at good luck with your research.

  • anthony morgan



  • Ceri Fagg


    Can you point me in the right direction please or are all the records lost? I am trying to find out why my paternal grandmother was sent from South Wales to Camberwell House in about 1912. She was then returned to Bridgend Asylum, South Wales for the last 5 months of her life and died there in 1920. I have the Welsh records for the last
    months there. Will I never know the truth?
    I would be very grateful for any help.
    Thank you
    Ceri Fagg

    • Chris Hilton

      Chris Hilton


      Dear Ceri,
      I’m afraid that certainly for the moment it will remain a mystery: very few patient records from Camberwell House are known to survive and none from that date. In the future, of course, we might be lucky and see some emerge from a loft or cellar somewhere: but for the moment, there’s no relevant information at the Camberwell end, unfortunately.
      (What little does survive, as mentioned above, has been digitised recently and you can find the link to the digital versions in this more recent blog post:

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